Students choose 25 ECTS of elective studies. As elective studies, students can complete a minor and/or take individual courses from other programmes at Aalto University or other Finnish universities. Students can also participate in an international student exchange programme or include 1–10 ECTS of work experience completed in Finland or abroad in elective studies.

For more information on internationalisation or Aalto University’s minor subjects:

Language studies

Compulsory language studies for students whose language of education is Finnish or Swedish are included as part of the bachelor’s degree. If the language studies have not been completed in the phase preceding master’s studies, they must be taken during the master’s degree studies. In this case, the student must take 2 ECTS in second national language and 3 ECTS in one foreign language (including both oral (o) and written (w) proficiency).

Students who have received their education in a language other than Finnish or Swedish or received their education abroad are required to complete only 3 ECTS in one foreign language.

Students with excellent command of English (e.g. English as a first language) may apply for the exemption from the compulsory foreign language requirement and take 3 ECTS of Finnish courses instead. In this case, according to the Degree Regulations, the student has not demonstrated the requisite written and oral language requirement in a foreign language, which is reflected in the appendix of the degree certificate. Students may apply for an exemption in the beginning of each term (deadlines 15 September and 15 January) with an application form available in Into at


Language studies are included in students’ elective studies.