Citizens of EU, Switzerland, Liechtenstein and San Marino need an official identity card or passport (passport strongly recommended) to enter Finland.
Non-EU/EEA citizens must have a valid passport and will need to check at a local Finnish embassy or consulate whether a visa or a residence permit for Finland is required. If the residence permit is required, you must have a valid permit before departing to Finland. Resident permits in Finland are issued by MIGRI. When the residence permit is granted you should automatically get the Finnish personal ID-code (which makes things a lot easier after arrival, as you need it for many things, including opening a bank account).
University does not provide health insurance for foreign students. As FSHS (Finnish Student Health Services) only provides basic health care services (and does not perform medical operations or have emergency services) please make sure that you have a valid health insurance. The costs of treatment at a hospital may rise to several hundreds or even thousands of euros if you need hospital care or laboratory tests. The university is not responsible for any payments or arrangements.
Options for insurance coverage
You can search for options e.g. from MIGRI's website. If considering other options, remember to make sure that the insurance fulfills the necessary requirements.
Students from non- EU/EEA countries
Citizens of non-EU/EEA countries are required to have valid health insurance already at the time when applying for the residence permit for Finland. This is a compulsory requirement for obtaining residence permit for studies lasting more than three months. The same requirement applies for both degree-seeking and exchange/free-mover students. Students from Quebec, Canada are exempted from the health insurance requirement.
Health insurance must fulfill certain requirements, depending on the length of your studies in Finland.
Students from EU/EEA countries and Switzerland
Citizens of EU/EEA-countries are entitled to medical care while staying temporarily in another EU/EEA-country. The European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) serves as a proof of the entitlement. By presenting the card you can use the services of the municipal health care centres, and in case of emergency, you are entitled to the same benefits with the same costs as local residents. You should make sure you have the EHIC card with you when arriving in Finland.
It is strongly recommended to have also a private insurance as an additional security. Please note that the individual systems of the EU countries and practices surrounding the use of the EHIC card may vary.
EU-citizens: European Health Insurance Card, letter of acceptance from Aalto, proof of financial means to support your studies (for example Certificate of your Erasmus grant), few passport-sized photographs, prescriptions if you are on medication and some euros (cash).
Non-EU Citizens: Proof of health insurance, letter of acceptance from Aalto, proof of financial means to support your studies, few passport-sized photographs, prescriptions if you are on medication and some euros (cash).
Your studies will start with an orientation for new students. Information on orientation schedule will be sent to you with the admission letter. Please follow the instructions you will receive from your own school.
From the airport to the Helsinki city centre
Offices of main student housing providers:
From Helsinki city centre to Aalto University
The campus is located in Otaniemi, Espoo. You can take the metro from the central railway station or from Kamppi metro station to the campus. You can board a metro towards Tapiola or Matinkylä, they both stop at Aalto University. Get off at the Aalto University station. Please use Helsinki Region Transport (HSL) journey planner to check the connections, timetables and tickets.
Tickets can be purchased from ticket vending machines at the central railway station and Kamppi metro station. Mobile tickets are also available.
Note! When traveling on the metro, you must have the ticket before you enter the metro platform area after having passed the Travel Card readers. For example, if you use a mobile ticket, make sure you have received the ticket before entering the platform area.
How to travel in the Helsinki region
The public transportation system in the Helsinki region is reliable and efficient. For almost any part of the region there is a public transport connection either by bus, the local train, tram or metro or by a combination of these.
In order to find the correct route in Helsinki region, please use Helsinki Region Transport (HSL) journey planner. Please type your from and to addresses as well as the time of departure or arrival into the journey planner and the service will search the best connections for your journey.
For more information on how to use public transport, please see HSL’s website.
Once you have enrolled at the university and settled in, you can apply for a personal travel card, which makes moving around much easier.
EU citizens and citizens of Liechtenstein and Switzerland do not need a residence permit but upon arrival in Finland, must apply for registration of EU citizen’s right of residence if their stay lasts for longer than three months. The application for the registration must be submitted within three months of the day of the arrival.
Please note that you should be given the Finnish personal ID-code automatically upon registration (if not, please ask for it).
It is strongly recommended to submit the application electronically via EnterFinland service. However, a personal visit at the Finnish Immigration Service (Migri) service point with original documents is still required. If for some reason you cannot use EnterFinland-service, you can fill in the printable application form and return it with all required enclosures directly to Migri.
It is advisable to book an appointment for registration in good time beforehand, already in the summer, as waiting times can be very long and upon students arrival in September there may not be time slots available any more.
Citizens of the Nordic countries do not need a residence permit but upon arrival in Finland, you must make a notification of move and register at the Local Register Office (Maistraatti) of your place of residence. Please note that you must personally visit the Local Register Office.
Make the notification of move one week after your move at the latest. When you register at the Local Register Office, you can obtain a Finnish personal ID-code at the same time.
If you are intending to stay in Finland for more than a year (regardless of your nationality), you are required to register at the Local Register Office (Maistraatti) in the municipality you live in and register your personal information in the Population Information System. The information registered is used for such purposes as elections, taxation, municipal health care, judicial administration and collecting statistics.
If you have not received a personal ID-code before (when granted a residence permit, or when registering your right of residence as an EU citizen), you can apply for that in Maistraatti too.
At Maistraatti you can also apply for home municipality if you fulfill the necessary criteria. Having a home municipality in a certain city/municipality means that you are considered to live there on a permanent basis.
Those who obtain a permanent home municipality in Finland are entitled to use some municipal services, e.g. right to use the municipal health care services in the same way as Finnish citizens. However, some of the other social benefits may require a longer stay in Finland and e.g. a permanent or continuous residence permit.
Note! Exchange or free mover guest students or double degree students (staying in Finland less than 1 year) are not necessarily required to register at Maistraatti since they have not moved to Finland on permanent basis and thus they are not usually granted a permanent home municipality in Finland. If there is a need for a Finnish personal ID-code (e.g. taxation) and code has not been issued before (with residence permit application or EU citizen's registration by Migri), it can be applied at Maistraatti.
The Finnish personal ID-code (i.e. social security number) is a means of identification that is more specific than a name. The ID-code will make your life in Finland easier, as it is needed for instance when opening a bank account or a mobile phone connection, as well as for digital student card. If you get any salary or scholarship from Finland, personal ID-code is required to enable payments.
When you are granted a residence permit you should automatically get the personal ID code. When you register your right of residence as an EU citizen, please ask to be registered in the Finnish Population Information System. This way you can receive the Finnish personal ID-code at the same time as the permit is issued or the right of residence is registered.
If you have not received personal ID-code with the residence permit or when registering as an EU citizen in Finland, you can apply for that when you register your residence at the Local Register Office.
Remember to inform also Learning Services of your school at Aalto so that your personal ID-code can be updated in the student register.
You should make a notification of move (muuttoilmoitus) within one week of your arrival in Finland. This can be done by filling out a form available at the Local Register Office (Maistraatti) or at post office (Posti). If you register your residence at Maistraatti, it is easiest to fill out the notification of move at the same time.
Exchange students who move to Finland only on temporary basis do not need to register at Maistraatti, but they must remember to make the notification of move e.g by filling out the form available at post offices. This is to inform Posti about your address in Finland.
Remember to make a notification of move if you later on move inside Finland and also when you leave Finland.
Please remember to update any changes in your contact information also to the university’s database. You can do this online in the student register system WebOodi.